Baby Parenting

Introducing Solids: First Baby Foods Across the Globe

During Birdy’s latest check-up our German paediatrician suggested introducing solids once she turns 4 months old and provided us with a very detailed chart on how this should be done.

From what I understand, the guidelines have been developed by the Research Institute on Child Nutrition at the University of Dortmund and read as follows:

  • Between the 4th and the 6th month: vegetable-potato-meat puree;
  • From the 6th month: milk-cereal porridge;
  • From the 7th month: cereal-fruit porridge;
  • From the 10th month: gradual introduction of family meals.

Quite detailed, right?

A few days later I was discussing this with a good friend from Macedonia who had also received a detailed set of instructions on introducing solids. But – surprise, surprise – they were quite different from mine. First foods? Fruit! We’re talking raw apricots, peaches, apples, and bananas here: something that isn’t even included in the German guidelines that foresee fruit only from the 7th month and cooked fruit at that.

A little puzzled I decided to seek for a third opinion and opened the American baby-care bestseller  “What to Expect in the First Year“. Guess what first food they advocate? Rice cereal!

We are all of the same species independent on where in the world we live, surely the digestive systems of our little humans cannot be that different from one country to another?

I continued this little study on introducing solids by asking my fellow bloggers at Multicultural Kid Blogs about first baby foods in their countries, scroll down for their replies!

A world of difference

Comparing countries and cultures, it appears that the recommended age for introducing solids is typically between four and six months of age, and most start with either pureed veggies, rice cereal, or smashed fruit. But the accounts below also tell the tale of parents often not listening to their paediatricians and going by their own gut feeling and the baby’s preferences, especially with their second or third baby.

Perhaps most importantly, the stories of these moms across the world show that, no matter what you choose to give to the baby as the first solid food, the little one will be just fine. I must admit that it is quite calming to know that there is no one correct answer to the first solids question.

Introducing solids - first baby foods across the globe
PIN to read later! | Image credit: Mait Jüriado via Flick Creative Commons

Introducing solids across the globe

Becky: In the UK we were advised from 6 months though we started slightly earlier (it totally depends on the baby) and some people I know started from 4 months. We were recommended baby rice but I stuck to fruit and veg from day one, sometimes mixed with baby rice. Both my boys used to love banana and avocado (together) and anything with sweet potato! Babies are quick to tell you what they like and don’t like!

Annabelle, The Piri Piri Lexicon: First food in the UK was often recommended to be baby rice (for my first). However, I didn’t do any of that. I stuck to what made more sense to me: veggies! My daughter’s first meal was at 6 months and was carrots. I think I will do the same for #2

Frogette, OxFrogNews: In England they encourage to introduce solids around 6 months. They talk a lot about “baby led weaning” – no spoon but some pieces of vegetables (boiled before and than wait until they can eat them) the children learn to pick up and to put in their mouth.

UmmHere in the UK we get recommendations to start from about 6 months with baby rice, with my older children (now 11 and 9) the advice was 4 months. However my mum, mum-in-law an grandmother had other ideas and would mash mango and banana with their fingers and feed it to the little ones from about 4 months. Once they were closer to a year they would have our food – broken up chapatti or rice with lentils, chicken or potatoes which we would wash so there wasn’t any salt or chilli on it. The health advisor seemed to think our food (Punjabi) was good for infants.

Stephanie, InCultureParent: I had my older daughter in Germany where I was taught carrot followed by parsnip should be the first meal. All veggies. And not to mix them. One at a time at first. I had a Japanese mom in my baby class and learned it’s common to feed white fish before age 1 to infants whereas in the US, fish is considered a no no until after age 1.

Olga, The European Mama: In the Netherlands: mashed carrots, pumpkin, then fruit (pears, apples, bananas- babies get that as morning snack at daycare – babies get it mashed, older children- in pieces). Rice, potatoes followed by chicken and beef, and then the rest (the meticulousness of introducing new ingredients depends on the birth order, haha). They insist on introducing bread really early, maybe 6 months (they’re obsessed with bread). In Germany (from what I remember), children after 6 months can have cow’s milk with their “Brei” but not to drink. In Poland, babies get fruit juice really early- apple and carrots are popular choices. With my first I even had a table and checked what she was allowed to eat at how many months. With my third I forgot I had that at all.

Varya, Creative World of Varya: In Russia it used to be as early as juice at 3 months – when I was growing up. Nowadays it depends in pediatrician – between 4 and 6. Though some baby products you see are labeled as 0+. Lots of cereals in Russia (rice, oats, buckwheat) plus apple, pear, bananas, carrots, peaches, apricots. Just want to add: with 1st I went with cereals. She kept throwing them up and barely ate anything till 1.5. With 2nd I started with bananas. She loved them. Then we did winter squash, carrots etc. etc. both stated around 6 months, 5.5 they got like tastes, even more like licks. 2nd one (2 years old now) was on table chunky food before 10 months. And she does much better with food -she will at least give it a try. 1st one is a serious picky eater but we are slowly discovering new foods (6 years old almost).

Leanna, All Done Monkey: In Costa Rica from what I’ve heard it used to be that they started on modified table foods from very early on – especially black bean broth. Nowadays though, it’s really sad, lots of people rely on Gerber. One young mother very proudly showed me a chart from Gerber that she was following very strictly about which baby food jars to use at what age, starting at 4 months.

Diana: In the USA they recommend cereal (rice, barley, oatmeal) but the first food that I gave my son was avocado. He loved it and to this day it is probably his favorite food. Oh and I started solids at six months. I exclusively breast-fed for six months.

Becky, Kid World Citizen: In the US: with our older daughter (2004) we were told to begin with rice and then oats, etc, and watch for allergies. Then with our second they said we could start with anything and we started with sweet potatoes and squash, carrots, and then the green veggies. (2007) also around 6 months:). My kids LOVED avocados too as babies and still will eat them with a spoon today!

Carol: In the US, it also depends on the pediatrician. Conventional wisdom used to be that we start with rice cereal, but that is slowly evolving, depending on the region. Nutritionists tend to recommend pureed veggies – nothing sweet too early! I started both kids with avocados. We were in California, after all!

Carrie, Crafty Moms Share: I don’t think there is a country decision in the US. It depends on who you chose to listen to. I listened to my sister who is OT in a NICU and has a degree in lactation. She says you should not start before 6 months. She also does not agree with the cereal as the first foods though it is what we did.

Adriana, Changing Plate: I do remember it wasn’t unheard of pediatricians in the US (back then) recommending adding a little cereal to the formula if the baby was “not greeting enough” in the bottle, I was told solids at 4 months and a veggie was best. My daughter is 9 months and we went with the Latino approach. Avocados, eggs, and homemade bone broth, I don’t tell the docs though… I mentioned I gave her a strawberry and I got a speech!

Elisabeth, Spanish Mama: Here in the U.S. it’s recommend to start between 4-6 months with rice cereal and perhaps soft fruits or vegetables. I totally disagree with this and tend to side more with my husband’s hometown in the Peruvian jungle. They start with cooked egg yolks, avocadoes, bananas, etc (just be careful for allergies with all of those!), and also give broths early on. I started solids there with our 6-month-old and he loved gnawing on chicken feet or bits of meat on a chicken bone. I never bought baby food but I never cooked anything special either!

Now it’s your turn, dear readers: what are the first foods for introducing solids where you come from?

  1. Oh…and of course the same here….in LV…firstly you don’t give anything else before baby reaches 6 month unless your doctor says that you are short of milk judging by the weight of the baby…and the first food is the typical unallergic veggetables like pumpkin,potato,cabbage

    • Our doctor claimed that starting after 4th month reduces the risk of food allergies. Our baby course teacher disagrees with that and recommends waiting. Go figure 🙂 I guess we’ll give it a try with 5th month and start with carrots

  2. Living in the UK I was advised to start solids at around 6 months. As a follower of the local AP (Attachment Parenting) group, I tried baby-led weaning, which meant that baby didn’t start with “Brei” but with cooked vegetable sticks and didn’t get fed but was encouraged to feed herself. Food at that age (so the believe) is meant for play and exploration, not mainly for nutrition as she was still breastfed. I think it worked well, she quickly was able to have our meals (only the healthy bits) and she enjoyed it!

  3. I find it hilarious that all the doctors say start with rice cereal and all the mothers ignore them and start with veggies :p i’m from the UK but live in Bali,, I did baby led weaning starting with fruit and veg but they were eating everything by about 8 months. Advice from doctors in Indonesia is to start babies on rice porridge with milk, followed by rice porridge with veg, followed by rice porridge with veg and meat, followed by soft rice and egg and then eventually normal rice by the time they reach their teens or something. My in-laws thought I was mad giving them whole bananas :p

    • Haha I can imagine, there is a good chance that my mom will think I’m nuts if I do go the BLW way 😀

  4. Great article! thank you for mentioning! I just want to add that I followed guidelines from and loved how precise they are on descriptions and latest research on solids introduction. Plus you can get a sample plan and recipes.

  5. Jen Roman

    Loved BLW and would highly recommend the book Real Food for Mother and Baby which suggests giving foods that are most similar to breast milk first, starting at 6 months. My daughter with GI issues from birth did really well with goat’s milk yogurt first, then egg yolks, avocados, etc. Her weight gain was a major concern for us so these foods were all wonderful in helping her gain in no time! We also put real butter, coconut oil or olive oil on almost everything she ate… kept her from getting a gtube!

  6. Somewhere around the 5 or 6 month mark, depending on baby’s interest, I give warm runny egg yolk as the first food. This is very easy for baby to digest and power packed with nutrients! Next. I keep a piece of frozen liver from a grass fed healthy cow in my freezer, and I grate a bit of that into the warm yolk. They LOVE this. Baby’s can not get the amount of iron they need from breast milk alone after 6 months, so starting with iron rich foods is important. These are very rich in iron as well as being time tested traditional foods of many cultures around the world. After these things we move on to avocado, bone broths,kiefer, cooked veggies and healthy fats like butter and coconut oil. The only fruits I give before age 1 are blueberries and banana. No raw veggies until after 1 and I don’t feed them any grains until age 2. I’m on the east coast of the US and in this country grains are heavily fed as a first food 🙁

    • Lizzybee

      No grains? I tend to agree. Loved all you said about everything else, but what about quinoa, millet, etc.

  7. Searching the internet for baby’s first meals I got to this and it’s quite interesting to read opinions from moms atound the world. With my first daughter I started giving her steamed and then mashed carrots at 6 months and then every other 3-4th day I added a new vegetable(parsley root, squash, and so on). That is what in Romania most mothers do. Then, when she was 7 months, I introduced steamed mashed fruit (apples, pears) and home made fresh cheese, then meat and egg yolk.
    I have learned that up to 1 year babies should receive local vegetables and fruit. So if avocado doesn’t grow in the area you are leaving, for example, you should avoid it. Or anything exotic.
    I plan to follow the same path with my second daughter, as the first one eats everything and a lot, especially green vegetables(peas, broccoli, green beans).
    I forget to mention that the first one was exclusively breastfed until she was 6 months and I kept on breastfeeding until she was 2 years and 2 months and the second one is also exclusively breastfed, she’s only 3 months old.
    I hope this helps 🙂

    • Thank you for sharing, Maria! It sounds like Romanian moms do it quite similarly to Latvian moms 🙂

  8. Thank you so much for this information. It is intriguing to read how solids are started in all countries. I think much of it is based on tradition rather than pure science. It makes sense to me to start all the healthiest pureed foods first. And, in the US, now fish is encouraged before age one year in order hopefully get that little palate used to the taste. Great post, you did a lot of work researching!

    • Thank you, Lisa! It feels to me like the recommendations are changing all the time, there were some differences in the two years between our two kids

  9. 9 years ago I got from private pediatrician in Latvia an advice to start with swede mash. Sounded strange but all 3 boys loved and it was very good base for introducing all vegetables, later fruits and baby rice. Swede is nutritious and anti allergic vegetable.

  10. well… maybe i need to bring the update — especially in netherlands? We are here suggested to start in 4 months old with single vegetable first. I think all regions here are same bcause we get the gov system here. 😉

  11. Living in the Brazil I was advised to start fruits at 6 months. First week in the morning, second week in the morning and in the afternoon, third week: fruits in the morning and afternoon and the lunch time savoury meal for two weeks. At 7 months start to have a savoury meal at dinner.

    • That is really interesting! Definitely way more fruit than in the recommendations that I’m familiar with

  12. My pediatrician in Germany suggested I start with solids at 4 months. I waited and started at 5 months. Baby loved solids. But I was cautious about the quantity as I didn’t want to reduce her milk intake. But but but… doctor again said to let her eat as much as she wants. So I followed and naturally her milk intake reduced drastically. I panicked and contacted doctor again. He said that’s good, that at this stage baby’s major source of nutrition should be from solids and breast should be secondary. This he said even before my baby turned 6 months. Now my baby is 8 months and breastfeeds properly only 3 times a day… Quantity can’t be much because she seems to have lost her love for milk. Anyways, I have stopped worrying and going with the flow. Different places have different guidelines. My baby is healthy and growing fine…I think that must mean that I’m not doing much wrong.

    • I agree, as long as she’s healthy and growing there’s no need to worry too much 🙂 I know many moms who have complained about the opposite – babies would only play around with the solids and continue to rely mostly on milk.

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